NOVEL CORONAVIRUS COVID-19 NOT ON TELEVISION BUT IN REAL LIFE 🦠
It is like watching a science fiction serial☣️, one episode lasts 24 hours since end December still continuing novel coronavirus covid-19 not on television screen but in real life.
In December 2019 the Chinese authorities notified the rest of the worls that a virus was spreading through their communities. In the following months it spread to other countries with cases doubling within days. This virus was similar to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and subsequently named Coronavirus 2 or COVID 19.
What is a virus and why is COVID 19 a bigger deal than SARS or Seasonal flu virus?
It has to do with RNA sequencing, ie. Genetics. Seasonal flu is an all human virus. The DNA/RNA chains that make up the virus are recognised by the human immune system. This means that human body has some immunity to it before it comes around each year. Immunity is acquired in two ways; through exposure to a virus or by getting a flu shot.
In contrast to SARS virus, COVID 19 viruses come from animals. These viruses usually transfer only from animal to animal (pigs in the case of H1N1 and birds in the case of Spanish flu.) But once, one of the animal viruses mutates and starts to transfer from animals to humans, it becomes problematic – because we have no natural or acquired immunity. The RNA sequencing of the genes inside the is not human, and the human immune system does not recognise it. So we cannot fight it off.
The mutation sometimes allows transfer from animal to human. This mutation might take years to happen; usually it happens from an infected animal to a human. When this final happens we have a new contagion phase. How contagious or how deadly is the new contagion can be depends on the fashion of the new virus. H1N1 was deadly, but not as deadly as the Spanish flu. Its RNA was slower to mutate and it attacked its host differently.
In December 2019 came the Coronavirus – nobody knows how long it existed in animals only; but one day at an animal market in Wuhan, China, it mutated and made a jump from animal to people. To start with, only animals could give it to people; but in just two weeks it mutated again and gained ability to jump from human to human. Scientists call this quick ability “Slippery”🧼.
COVID 19 not being a “human” virus we do not have any natural or acquired immunity against it and it took off like a rocket. Doctors have no known medicine for it. Coronavirus changed itself in such a way that it causes great damage to human lungs. It is a lung eater. Studies reveal that it has mutated again and now has two strains to deal with – strain S and strain L. That make sit twice as hard to develop a vaccine for it.
Right now, this virus is hitting older folks harder; but genome is so Slippery – if it mutates again – and it will – who knows what it will do next.
What we can do now to prevent it from spreading and to flatten the curve – by staying at home, washing our hands frequently and practicing social distancing. Let us “Break the Chain”.
According to the Chinese government data, the first case suffering from Coronavirus, was a 55-year-old from Hubei province, on November 17, 2019. From that that date onwards one to five cases were reported each day until December 20, 2019, when it stood at 60. On December 31st it had risen to 266 and on New Year Day it reached 381.
Of the first nine cases to be reported in November 2019, four were men and five women – aged between 39 and 79; but unknown how many were from Hubei. Accordng to WHO report, the first confirmed case of COVID 19 from China was on December 8th 2019.
The WHO concluded that the likely origin of COVID 19 outbreak was naturally occurring – not accidental or intentional. It arose from a still unidentified animal or more than one animal species. This Coronavirus then infected humans, most likely over several months – say, between September and December 2019. Whether it began in Wuhan or elsewhere in Hubei province is yet to be proven.
At the peak of the epidemic mainland China reported thousands of fresh cases and hundreds of deaths each day before the total number reached 81,054, about 26% of the global case load of 316,659 as on March 22, 2020. Total mortality of COVID 19 stands at 3237 in China which is less than the deaths reported from Italy, a staggering 4825 on that date.
In a remarkable turnaround, China had zero case of the virus on March 18th to 20th, including Wuhan, three months after the first case emerged. The pandemic of the virus is galloping in Europe and is spreading to the United States.
China achieved this by shutting down Wuhan and a few other cities in China in lockdown. This drastic measure sharply reduced the rapid spread of the virus within China and the rest of the world. Unfortunately Europe and the rest of the world have not followed China’s example and Italy has paid heavily for it. Right now entire Italy is locked down with hospitals overflowing with patients and some elderly ones being taken off support systems to give more chance to younger ones.
Spain has reported 1800 plus deaths with a total reported cases of around 28,000. In Germany numbers are less comparatively. France and UK have suffered heavily too. At present only very few countries have been spared of Coronavirus attack.
📝 ETIOLOGY OF COVID 19
Coronaviruses are positive-stranded RNA viruses with a crown-like appearance under an electron microscope. The subfamily classifies into four genera of CoVs: Alpha Coronavirus, beta Coronavirus, delta Coronavirus and gamma Coronavirus.
The SARS Coronavirus-2 belongs the beta Cov category. It has a round or elliptic shape and often pleomorphic form, and a dimeter 60-140 nm. Like other Coronaviruses it is sensitive to ultraviolet rays and heat. These can be effectively inactivated by lipid solvents including ether, ethanol, chlorine-containing disinfectants peroxyacetic acid and chloroform except chlorhexidine.
Transmission of Corona viruses: Although the origins of these viruses are not entirely understood, the analyses of SARS cov-2 or COVID 19 suggest that it probably evolved from a strain found in bats or another mammalian host, intermediate between bats and humans.
Human-to-human transmission in Wuhan suggests that isolation is the best way to contain the epidemic.
Like other common CoVs, COVID 19 can cause common colds, and self-limiting upper respiratory infections in immunocompetent individuals. In immunocompromised subjects and the elderly, lower respiratory tract infections can occur. Transmission is believed to occur through respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing. Aerosol transmission also is possible in case of protracted exposure in contained spaces. Analyses of data from China revealed that the spread was primarily limited to family members and healthcare professionals and other close contacts.
Novel Coronavirus incubation time could be generally within 3-7 days. Data analysis in China showed that the epidemic doubled in about 7 days to 2.2 times in individuals in the initial stages.
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF COVID 19
A study I the New England Journal of Medicine on March 17, 2020 took a deeper look at how stable COVID 19 is in air and on various surfaces:
🧫 On cardboard – 24 hours
🧫 On copper – 4 hours
🧫 On plastic and steel – up to 3 days
Of note, for health workers, the virus may stay suspended in the air for a period of 30 minutes. Thus social distancing measures become ever more important.
Another chief concern for the public has been whether global package shipments would spread the virus. It is still being evaluated.
This became more evident as COVID 19 subsequently spread to Italy. It was noted that northern Italy, where the country’s fashion and garment industry was based, suffered the brunt of viral attack. The work of famous brands like Bucci and Prada were outsourced to Wuhan. Direct flights were regular between Italy and Wuhan. More than 10,000 Chinese people were working in Italian garment factories and many factories were owned by Chinese.
As on March 17, 2020, the number of infected in Italy was 31,506 with 2503 deaths. High rate of deaths were noted between ages of 40 and 65. The 100 billion dollar fashion industry plummeted and export to China stopped and economy nosedived. But the never-say-die attitude of Italians was admired by the whole world.The countries which could control the virus attack well other than China were South Korea and Singapore. Singapore did well as it is a small country and could regulate home quarantine and social distancing.
South Korea’s approach was “testing, testing and testing.”
Virgin Radio Dubai’s Kris Fade Show broadcasted an interesting story how the virus spread so quickly in South Korea. It is now known as Code Patient 31.
A 35 year-old Chinese woman flew into South Korea and on February 6, 2020 she met with a minor car accident. She went a hospital and was got her bruises attended and was found to have slightly elevated temperature. She brushed it off said she was feeling fine and left the hospital. On February 9th and February 16th she attended Church services. After that she started having symptoms of COVID 19. She reported to the hospital after having a buffet lunch at a hotel. She was tested and found positive for Coronavirus. And she was Patient 31.
She created 60% of all COVID 19 cases in South Korea. At two masses in church she infected 1200 people. Some of the people who attended the church went a funeral after that where 800 more were infected.
Thus Patient 31 has become a perfect example Domino Effect.
SYMPTOMATOLOGY OF COVID 19:
The clinical features of the virus are:
🧩Fatigue or muscle pain
🧩Less common symptoms include:
🧩Coughing up mucus or blood
🧩Kidney failureAs the disease progresses*Pneumonia which inflames the lungs and causes them to fill with fluid. This can be detected with x-ray.
IS THERE ANY TREATMENT FOR COVID 19?
“There no recognised therapeutic against Coronaviruses”, said Mike Ryan, Executive Director of World Health Organisation. He advised to deal with symptoms, particularly in terms of respiratory support and multiorgan support.These viruses are NOT susceptible to antibiotics. Some clinicians have tried the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine in combination with existing antiviral HIV drugs which have shown some promise. Use of ibuprofen and paracetamol is debatable – especially in patients above 65 suffering from asthma, high blood pressure and liver or kidney ailments.DEVELOMENT OF VACCINE FOR COVID 19:It will take at least one year or 18 months to develop one, but some experts say it will be achieved earlier than that.
GLOBAL EFFECT OF COVID 19
Coronavirus has shaken humankind as never before in all possible ways. Economically, politically, socially, mentally, physically and spiritually. Economy in all countries nosedived; China took advantage and recovered, all wars halted, places of worship closed to make social distancing possible, lockdowns halted travel with air, sea and land movements standing still. Noises and smoke reduced. Educational institutions closed, children became more restless, adults started working from home, older people isolated. Some world leaders cried, some made a mockery of leadership, some stood solid.Most humans realized how precious life is and how vain our values are.How India as a country and Kerala as a state are facing the challenge:An Indian Professor Ramana Laxminarayan gave interviews with journalists Barkha Dutt and Karan Thapar on projections of COVIDl 19 cases and fatalities. He said, by July 2020, around 300 to 500 million Indians will get infected and a couple of million Indians can die.Chennai-based journalist Rukmini S. in her article projected 30,000 deaths in India.There are various variables that statisticians cannot deal with, such as lockdowns and weather conditions. She also pointed out that India has only 2.5 hospital beds per 1000 people. Number of ICU beds available n whole of India is 70,000. If virus spreads unchecked hospitals will be overstressed.The way the small but thickly populated southern state Kerala faced COVID 19 won recognition from all over the world.Kerala has majority of its population working in other countries including China. As the onslaught of the virus set in planeloads of people came back home, many of them infected. It was a challenge to test them and quarantine them in either homes or hospitals. The first and most important thing Kerala was to inform and educate all the citizen about coronavirus, for which they used any and every possible mode of communication. The Govt made sure that there was a daily briefing to the press about the updates on how the government was tackling the virus. Apart from trained hospital staff and doctors, on the ground there were health workers who visited every home to check for symptoms.
On March 24, 2020 Freedom Watch, a Washington based advocacy group and Buzz Photos, a Texas company that specialises in high school sports photography, have filed a lawsuit against the Chinese government demanding $20 trillion in compensation for the damages caused by the Novel coronavirus or COVID 19 pandemic, reported IANS. The petitioners allegedly accused the Chinese government of developing COVID 19 as an illegal biological weapon and for releasing the same by the Wuhan Institute of Virology, located in Wuhan, China, where it originated. On March 23,2020, President Trump had expressed concern over China’s delay in sharing information on the virus outbreak and refusing to accept a visit by American medical experts to China.There are now 31,057 confirmed cases of COVID 19 across the US with 390 deaths. A wave of hatred for Chinese people started in the US following President Trump’s announcement.
“Dear God, Could We Please Uninstall 2020 And Re-Install It? It Has A Virus”QUOTE OF THE CENTURY